Kidney Failure / Renal Failure / Chronic renal failure / chronic kidney disease (CRF/CKD)
The main function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. Kidneys are also involved in regulating blood pressure, balancing the electrolyte levels, red blood cell production in the body and also filter the blood.
Each kidney contains millions of functioning units called nephrons, each of which is a microscopic filter for blood.
The kidney disease is also known as chronic kidney disease or chronic renal disease; it is characterized by a gradual loss of function in both kidneys over a period of months and years. Initially there may be no symptom can occur but after a time period there may be several worsening kidney function are occur.
Generally most kidney/renal diseases attack the nephrons, causing them to lose their filtering capacity. Most kidney diseases destroy the nephrons slowly and silently.
Renal failure Causes:
There are numerous causes of kidney failure, in most cases; kidney failure is caused by other health problems that have done permanent damage to the kidneys little by little, over time.
Poorly controlled Diabetes and High blood pressure are the two most common causes of kidney disease.
Other problems that can cause kidney failure include:
Urinary tract problems